Category: BCM112



In this week’s topic; we explored the realm of twitter and activities within such as celebrities and non human twitter users, otherwise known as “bots”.

The term celebrity in this topic is defined as a practice rather than referring to a famous person.”Celebrity is a genre of representation and a discursive effect” (Turner, 2004) Another term used in the lecture was that of micro-celebrity which “describes a prevailing style of behavior both online and off, linked to the increase in popularity of ‘self-branding’ and strategic self-presentation” (Hearns, 2008).

For some people the main reason to make a twitter account is to follow their beloved celebrities, for me personally, I wanted to follow Chris Tucker. Their presence allows them to connect with their fans and as a result “create an intimacy between participant and follower, publicly acknowledge fans, and use language and cultural references to create affiliations with followers” as described by Alice Marwick . What is clear is that celebrities can literally tweet a single letter and it’d get thousands and thousands of likes and retweets. The challenge for celebrity presence in social media is to be consistent and maintain connection with followers. Some celebrities hire people purely to take care of their social media obligations whilst some celebrities are just more out there posting regularly (e.g Kardashians)

Amongst the presence of celebrities on twitter, an even interesting entity are present online which can be as influential online; bots.

In 2013 on a Huffington Post article (Link below), there was an twitter account of a Brazilian journalist named Carina Santos, with a twitter name of scarina91. She made around 50 tweets a day and had 700+ followers. She was deemed more influential by social media analytics than Ryan Seacrest. However Carina Santos is a bot. This case highlights how effective social media presence can be achieved through simple strategies, as an algorithm of some sort which the bot functioned by, could attract followers to the account. It also highlights how twitter users could be fooled into thinking this bot was indeed a human, showing the”highly formulaic style of many twitter feeds”.

In retrospect to this, as celebrity online presence require a certain level of maintenance to engage followers and rise in popularity, and the fact that technology exists to allow twitter accounts to be effectively run by bots, I leave a question: Do you think there are celebrities (And if you can, name examples) who may be bots on twitter and why you think it?



 Marwick, Alice, boyd, danah (2011) ‘To See and Be Seen: Celebrity Practice on Twitter.’ Convergence: The international Journal of Research into New Media Technologies 17(2) 139-158.File

The influence of Twitter Bots:


From Citizen Journalism to Collective Intelligence

To continue with the idea of the audiences role in the media found in previous blogs, this blog delves into citizen journalism which is present in today’s media and how information from all these sources are collected.

Anyone with equipment to do so can themselves become a journalist. The motives behind citizens who do involve themselves in journalism range from wanting to make it their profession, to inform a community of what’s happening in their local area, or as a passion.

The highly acclaimed film ‘Nightcrawler’ starring Jake Gyllenhaal is about a young and unemployed individual who stumbles upon the world of freelance crime journalism. From what at first is a method of earning good money, the profession becomes an obsession and he craves the thrill. Throughout the film, the reality of freelance crime journalism is exposed as these journalists are shown to manipulate what is shown or even alter the scene itself to create more impacting footage.

Whilst the film does expose the negatives of citizen journalism through the circumstances of the main character’s haunting personality, an important aspect to the presence of citizen journalism is the collection of different information culminating in collective intelligence. Stories are able to be captured from different viewpoints to provide multiple perspectives such as phone recorded videos of an event taking place. Although not all information captured by citizen journalists can be legitimate, for the most part, all information collected on a story, distributed through different outlets such as the news, independent news sites or podcasts can illustrate a clearer picture of stories.

There is no simple method of stopping citizen journalism, as every individual who holds a smart phone are capable of being a citizen journalists. But it is clear a main advantage to this presence in the media is that the collection of information taken from both professional journalists and citizen journalists will culminate in collective intelligence as the stories and events taking place are taken from multiple perspectives.

remixin it up

A very important part of music history is the rise of digital technology in the late 1980’s to allow sounds to be converted into data and store it as computer information.

Digital audio today is the dominant form of music recording and production. In the “digital world” in music, sounds are simply represented as numbers in the form of a binary system. With this capability to digitally produce music digitally, musicians or producers are able to sample previously recorded pieces of music and sounds and be able to edit it. Not only is remixing relevant to music, but to remixing footage as well. Anyone has the capability to do it such as me. Here is a video remix I made on Imovie:

Those issues aside, I feel remix culture and sampling is an important part of today’s music as there is a diverse range of abilities we are now able to grasp in creating music, and the youth culture of today who are exposed to night life and parties are immersed in these remixes to offer new experiences of songs in the form of these remixes.



Fear The Transmedia Narratives

The universe of The Walking Dead originally was introduced to audiences through comics and was later adapted into a TV show by Frank Darabont which loosely followed the storyline of the comics with some plot tweaks to suit the ratings. The comic series are still continuing whilst the TV show is following ahead. Stories within the universe of The Walking Dead is also told through video games as developers created a Telltale game series, as well as another game which follows the character of Darryl. Recently a spin off television show called ‘Fear The Walking Dead’ has been running however receiving negative feedback.

Each of these mediums tell a different story within the Walking Dead universe allowing different experiences as the video game allows the audience to interact with the storyline and their personal experience within the universe.


This is one of many examples wherein stories are told through different mediums to provide an audience with different experiences within a text.In many cases audiences are able to create these Transmedia narratives in the form of fan fiction.

In the media, the focus on how stories are told is called Transmedia Storytelling

Transmedia storytelling according to Henry Jenkins “represents a process where integral elements of a fiction get dispersed systematically across multiple delivery channels for the purpose of creating a unified and coordinated entertainment experience. Ideally, each medium makes it own unique contribution to the unfolding of the story.”

Here is the Prezi for The Walking Dead as a Transmedia Narrative:



Will You Be My Audience?

The ever changing and evolving nature of technology in the media has paved the way the audience interacts with different media platforms and as a result have altered the audience’s role in media.

The audience are no longer just consumers, as the nature of the converging media has allowed the audience to also become the prosumers. We are all given the ability to create and produce content which can be viewed by audiences who also have the ability to produce content.

Audiences can make articles, blogs, youtube videos and music to be open to be viewed by an audience. Messages or content are no longer strictly able to be produced and then heard exclusively by big companies through different platforms such as TV news or online articles on the Daily Telegraph.

People are able to express themselves online and showcase their talent in whatever form of art making there is to get their work out there. Some of the world’s biggest stars today were not long ago just making videos over youtube or filming cheap home mad films before being discovered and catapulted into stardom. Others don’t get so lucky and probably just get roasted on the comment section.


Thus it is obvious that the role of the audience as a result of media convergence has allowed for people to not only play the role as the consumer, but also the prosumer.

Fight Of the Century: Apple vs Android

Everyone living in 1st world communities have constant access to the internet through different mediums such as laptops, computers and phones. Throughout the years these gadgets have evolved with the times as seen with the new features in phones and more. However, how we, the consumers, interact with these media platforms is determined all by the companies. A large component to what influences a company to set restrictions or control our use of content is money. The companies which create media of similar or the same platform are often pitted against each other as they are constantly being compared. A significant factor which contributes to the success of the item is the companies ideologies and how they restrict the consumers.

A popular example of this is the Apple vs Android debate.

Apple places many restrictions on users such as that it’s customisability is extremely limited unless jailbroken, whilst Android has a more open system and is highly customisable. Android is open source and is the world’s most commonly used smartphone whilst IOS system is exclusively for Iphone. Androids have multiple device manufacturers such as Google, LG, Motorola and Sony, while Apple devices are only manufactured by Apple inc. Applications in Androids are distributed by Google Play, and other companies such as Amazon and Getjar while applications in the Iphone are only by the Apple store.

In summary the Android system is substantially more open to consumers, allowing them to have many freedoms and sought’s to involve them in their ideology. Apple is closed off, not allowing many freedoms to the consumer in terms of customisation or distributing media through that platform and the company more forces the consumer into their ideology rather than freely involve.

Whilst there is no clear winner of the Iphone vs Android debate, in my observations and through asking many sources of people, the common device that is mostly present in our friendship groups is indeed the Iphone.




“Marvin you’re so Thicke headed”


Copyright pretty much establishes balance with the rights of the artist with the rights of the public and how they interact with the work, whether it’d be using a clip from a film for their own work or using an artist’s song for background music for a youtube tutorial. Copyright laws protect intellectual property created by an artist and under the laws, are able to have the right to control how their work is used subject to exceptions permitted by the law. Violation of these exceptions can result in payment. A big example of this is Robin Thicke and his song “Blurred Lines”

Do you like Robin Thicke? yeah I thought so

But it’s hard to deny that Blurred Lines is quite a catchy track. Then again, catchiness is one word that sums up Marvin Gaye’s discography. Sexual Healing, Let’s Get it on, It Takes Two etc the list goes on. The Gaye family filed a lawsuit towards Thicke and Pharrel Williams due to the similarities of these two songs. Eventually leading both Thicke and Williams to pay $7.2m. This has happened to a lot of artists throughout the years, and whilst some are more clear than others in similarity, the protection of one’s work from being stolen is necessary.

Copyright is definitely a much needed presence in today’s age as the growing lack of creativity in modern music, film and literature plays a huge part in how media will evolve through the years, especially with the growth of technologies which allow pretty much anyone who has money to create media.

“There is a fine line between plagiarism and inspiration…you could almost say it is blurred”. I quoted that because I copied it from the top comment of that above video so I don’t get a lawsuit.

The Medium Is The What?

The Medium Is The What?

“When you get a message…it’s the message that’s the message”

Throughout history the message has always been delivered through some sort of medium. The Nazis under Hitler used all sorts of mediums to express their ideals such as in newspaper articles, cartoons, radio and speeches. Similarly with the addition of television interviews, Donald Trump also uses these different mediums to express his ideas. No comparison whatsoever….

Enter “The Medium is The Message”, an idea conceived and expressed by Marshall Mcluhen

My understanding is that the medium itself outweighs the message they convey through the audiences experience. An article in a newspaper, a Tv news report, on an internet thread and a radio podcast, all expressing the same message in the same wording provide an audience each with a different experience. An internet article allows an audience to comment and interact as well as radio which allows listeners to call voicing their opinions. A newspaper article provides audiences with printed wording to allow them to take in information through reading. Television and podcasts allow viewers to listen and visually grasp the messages.

As an audience delves into different mediums, their interactions with the message changes, which as a result changes the message itself.




Why am I here?

Yo my name is Ryan Catbagan, I’m a typical filo kid with a big mouth and a love to party. I am 18 years old and I live in the shire.

What kind of person am I? I’m that mate who says he’ll have a quiet night in on a weekend and then end up having a big night anyway. I’m that mate who says he’ll shout you food and always end up being short on cash. I’m that mate who would always be 10 minutes late to everything. I’m that mate who just says horrendous things too loud in the worst possible situations. You probably get the point.

I am here at uni in my first year doing Bachelor of Communications and Media. I chose this pathway because I suck at everything else.

My interests include watching films, writing music, and exercise. I watch all kinds of films that range as early as the 1940s up to now. I listen to all kinds and genres of music ranging from Pop to Hardcore to Rap to 80s classics. I’ve been playing and writing music for a few years, played in a few bands and now just been covering songs on my Soundcloud. My love of film and music as well as an appreciation of all arts and creating media have influenced me to choose this course which I am partaking now…and the fact I suck at everything else so I was going to be stuck with this anyway

I am still trying to figure out what exactly I want to do in the future after I finish this degree, but I do know it will have to do with some sort of media art. And I just want to have fun.