Week 2-Research a Practitioner in Your Field and a Brief overview of History

Before I get into the history of audio producing, I’ll just delve into a brief overview of one of my favourite producers in music is Adam Dutkiewicz. Adam D is the lead guitarist of metal band Killswitch Engage, and apart from being a member of one of the most influential heavy bands in recent years, he has produced albums for some of the most influential heavy bands. His production quality has always been great and heavily complements the sound each band is going for.

Such include: Parkway Drive, The Acacia Strain, Underoath, As I Lay Dying and of course his own band Killswitch Engage.

Audio Timeline:

http://www.aes.org/aeshc/docs/audio.history.timeline.html

This is a very brief overview of the history of audio production, a practice/field which I feel is my niche in this subject.

 

The Acoustic Era of audio recording lies between 1877 to 1925. In 1878 the first recording was made of a recording of Yankee doodle.

1877

    Thomas Alva Edison, working in his lab, succeeds in recovering Mary’s Little Lamb from a strip of tinfoil wrapped around a spinning cylinder.
    • He demonstrates his invention in the offices of

Scientific American,

     and the phonograph is born.

1878

    The first music is put on record: cornetist Jules Levy plays “Yankee Doodle.”

The Electrical Era of audio production is between 1925-1945 wherein the invention of electrical microphones was able to allow sound to be captured, amplified, filtered and balanced electronically.

1925

      • Bell Labs develops a moving armature lateral cutting system for electrical recording on disk. Concurrently they Introduce the Victor Orthophonic Victrola, “Credenza” model. This all-acoustic player — with no electronics — is considered a leap forward in phonograph design.
      • The first electrically recorded 78 rpm disks appear.
      • RCA works on the development of ribbon microphones.

 

The Magnetic Era (1945-1975) is the third wave of recording which is through recording utilising magnetic tape. In this era was the development of multi track recording and demise of the disk as a primary mastering medium.

1945

    Two Magnetophon tape decks are sent back to the U.S. In pieces in multiple mailbags by Army Signal Corps Major John T. (Jack) Mullin.

The Digital Era (1975-Present). Unlike previous analogue technologies, digital recording captured and recorded sounds through sampling .

1975

    Digital tape recording begins to take hold in professional audio studios.
    Michael Gerzon conceives of and Calrec (England) builds the “Soundfield Microphone,” a coincident 4-capsule cluster with matrixed “B-format” outputs and decoded steerable 2- and 4-channel discrete outputs.
    EMT produces the first digital reverberation unit as its Model 250.
    Ampex introduces 456 high-output mastering tape.

 

 

 

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